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Environmental monitoring space systems usage for prediction and early warning of natural disasters

S. Y. Avdjushin1, L. A. Alexandrov1, Y. A. Romanovsky1, G. F. Tulinov1, V. V. Asmus2, V. A. Volkov2
1
Institute of Applied Geophysics Rostokinskaja 9, Moscow 127490, Russia.
Tel. : +7-095-187 8186, Fax: +7-095-187 7513,
E-mail: geophys@soyam.com
2NPO "Planeta", B.Predtechensky p., 7, Moscow 129128, Russia.
Tel. : +7-095-252 7317, Fax: +7-095-200 4210

Abstract:
Russian space systems, including the spacecrafts (SC) "Meteor", "Resource", "Ocean" and the geostationary satellite "Electro", provide information on environment as well as on natural and technogenic disasters. Data of remote sensing of the environment demonstrate possibilities and the effectivity of space systems to predict and monitor different kind of natural disasters, such as fires, floods, severe weather events and others. On-board instrumentation of these satellites provides also data on space weather events solar flares, geomagnetic storms, disturbances of the rnagnetosphere-ionosphere system which impact on the space and ground systems (pipelines, power lines, energetic systems). Seismoionospheric precursors and appearances are also monitored by SC. The space system monitoring as a part of perspective national early warning systems for the reduction of natural disasters is considered and discussed.